3-D Nanoboxes Could Lead to ‘Smart’ Nanoparticles

nanoboxes

Varying etching conditions influences the angles formed by the panels in these nanoboxes. The left column is a close-up of the tin hinge material. The other columns show the boxes at different magnifications. The panels are patterned with the letters "JHU" with line-widths of 15 nanometers. Credit: ACS/Nano Letters

While 3-D patterning on the macroscale is a breeze, 3-D fabrication on the nanoscale is extremely limited, according to researchers at  Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. A self-assembly technique developed by the scientists has enabled the creation of nanoparticles with nanolithography-patterned 3-D surfaces using patterned tin and nickel panels that self-assemble into nanoboxes.

Self-assembly of the panels into the cube shape was incited through the application of gases intended to etch away the silicon. Heating the panels then caused the hinges to melt, consequently merging the grains together and prompting the panels to be pulled upward to form the 3-D box shape. This capability could contribute to the development of future electronic nanocircuits or have application in drug-delivery systems, according to the researchers.

[Read more at Medical Product Manufacturing News and Technology Review]

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